Major risks and risk management measures

Cramo Group’s business development is based in part on corporate acquisitions. Risks associated with acquisitions may involve, for example, knowledge of local markets, customers, key personnel and suppliers. The aim is to take related risks into account through careful advance arrangements and the systematic monitoring of corporate acquisitions.

Risk management measures are aimed at securing Cramo Group’s long-term competitiveness. The Board of Directors and management are responsible for managing business, financial and environmental risks as well as the related insurance coverage.

Management of business risks

Cramo Group’s business largely depends on the construction and property markets, which are characterised by seasonal fluctuations. On the other hand, the Group is not dependent on individual customers or projects, since its extensive customer base is spread across a number of market areas. Furthermore, the continuous management and optimising of utilisation rates of the Company’s equipment fleet is a critical success factor.

The Group management team and the Board of Directors analyse the financial performance of the Group and its business units on a monthly basis. Cramo’s business risks are mitigated by the Group’s number of depots and offices spread among fourteen countries.

Management of financial risks

In addition to cash flow financing, the Group raises bank loans and concludes equipment lease agreements in financing its operations. Its main financial risks relate to interest rate risks associated with cash flows, currency risks, credit risks and liquidity risks. To manage its interest rate risks, Group borrowings and investments are spread across fixed and floating interest rate instruments. In an effort to manage its interest rate risks, the Group can make use of derivative contracts, such as interest rate swaps. Currency risks mainly involve net investments in foreign units and foreign currency-denominated loans, with currency forward contracts used as hedging instruments. Since Group companies mainly carry out their sales and purchases in the unit’s functional currency, the Group is not exposed to any major foreign exchange risks associated with these transactions.

The Group Treasury identifies, analyses and manages financial risks in cooperation with Group companies.

Management of environmental risks

Cramo Group’s environmentally sound corporate mission entails high utilisation rates of professionally serviced equipment and minimisation of the environmental impact caused by the use of equipment and energy – aspects that the Group pays special attention to in purchasing its rental machinery and equipment.

Cramo Group’s quality and environmental management systems are based on the ISO 9001 quality management certificate and the ISO 14001 environmental management certificate granted by Det Norske Veritas, which covers the Company’s operations in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Denmark. In addition, Cramo’s health and safety management system in Finland and Sweden are based on the OHSAS 18001 health and safety management certificate.

Insurance coverage

Extensive insurance coverage forms an integral part of Cramo Group’s risk management. The Group’s management continuously assesses the adequacy and scope of insurance coverage, in view of the extent and nature of Group operations.

Corporate governance statements

Corporate governance

The corporate governance at Cramo is based on Finnish law and the Company’s Articles of Association. The Group complies with the rules of Nasdaq Helsinki Ltd and from 1 January 2020 onwards the Finnish Corporate Governance Code 2020 published by the Securities Market Association. The Corporate Governance Code is available on the Securities Market Association’s website: Cramo does not deviate from the Finnish Corporate Governance Code Recommendations.

The Group’s headquarters are in Vantaa, Finland and the Company is listed on the Nasdaq Helsinki Ltd.

Cramo prepares annual financial statements and interim reports conforming to Finnish law and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Statements and reports are published in Finnish and English.

Overview of Corporate Governance Components at Cramo Group

The Group’s control and management responsibilities are divided among the General Meeting of Shareholders, the Board of Directors with its three committees, Shareholders’ Nomination Committee, the President and CEO, the Group Management team and Managing Directors of subsidiaries. The Board of Directors supervises the performance of the Company, its management and organisation on behalf of shareholders. The Board of Directors and the Group management team are separate bodies, and no one serves as a member of both.